Refactoring and Migration of Cascading Style Sheets
(Towards optimization and improved maintainability)


Cascading Style Sheets is the standard styling language, and is extensively used for defining the presentation of web, mobile and desktop applications. Despite its popularity, the languageā€™s design shortcomings have made CSS development and maintenance challenging. This thesis aims at developing techniques for safely transforming CSS code (through refactoring, or migration to a preprocessor language), with the goal of optimization and improved maintainability.

Cascading Style Sheets CSS Preprocessors FSE Doctoral Symposium


  • The doctoral symposium proposal can be downloaded here.


    author = {Mazinanian, Davood},
    title = {Refactoring and Migration of Cascading Style Sheets: Towards Optimization and Improved Maintainability},
    booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2016 24th ACM SIGSOFT International Symposium on Foundations of Software Engineering},
    series = {FSE 2016},
    year = {2016},
    isbn = {978-1-4503-4218-6},
    location = {Seattle, WA, USA},
    pages = {1057--1059},
    numpages = {3},
    url = {},
    doi = {10.1145/2950290.2983943},
    acmid = {2983943},
    publisher = {ACM},
    address = {New York, NY, USA},
    keywords = {Cascading style sheets, duplication, migration, refactoring},